PROBLEMS FACED BY YOUTHS IN AGRICULTURE.
CHALLENGES FACED BY YOUTH IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE.
Youths in the society are future leaders of tomorrow, not only are they the leaders but also the controller of various sectors of the economy. The measure of available food produced in a nation depends on the intensity of agricultural activities of the nation. Youths are the backbone of the nation and agricultural activities can increase only if the youth involve themselves in agricultural production. But, it is unfortunate that there is less input of technical know-how by the youths in the agricultural sector of the economy. This is due to the fact that youths are faced with some challenges that discourage them to practice agriculture.
Poor orientation on the prospects and the need for agricultural growth is a challenge faced by youths of today. The youths always see agriculture as a poor business and only practiced by the rural dwellers. There is no adequate orientation and education given to them to redirect their mind and initiatives towards large-scale and mechanized farming that can help in boosting the production of food globally, there by combating food scarcity.
Also cash crops cultivated in the large scale production are exported to other countries bring foreign exchange to the country. Poor orientation and education of agriculture has affected the youths and is a problem that needs to be tackled immediately, so as to ensure sustainability in agriculture.
Inadequate employment opportunities in the agricultural sector has discouraged a lot of youths. The government’s inadequacy to create opportunities and employ capable hands who are willing to transform the agricultural sector, help in the increase of food production and in sustainable agricultural growth has drastically affected the youths in agriculture. Youths tend to go to other sectors of the economy where they are accepted and employed. This challenge has discouraged the youths and has contributed to the sustainability of agriculture.
Inadequate education on the importance of practicing agriculture in secondary schools, high schools, colleges and universities. The government and most educational institutions across the globe especially in the African continent neglected the fact that knowledge of agriculture should be taught to the young students and youth which they would grow up with. Having such knowledge that “without agriculture, the national development and growth would reduce drastically would make them devote their time, energy and resource in practicing agriculture and providing adequate food and raw materials necessary for economy development. A good transfer of excellent information about agriculture will not only prepare the youths on the challenges and problems faced by agriculture, but will give them an insight and counter measures solving such issues. A good knowledge of agriculture will also help youths in efficient analysis on the new developments and also measures of implementing these new techniques to boost more efficient food production so proper knowledge of agriculture should be taught in schools to prepare the youths of the future.
A major challenge also faced by the youths is the government’s nonchalant attitude towards the interest of the youths in agriculture. Youths who indicate interests in the agricultural sector of the economy are discouraged by government agencies in so many ways which includes; non-provision of funds for the youths to embark on agro business that will enhance more production of food for the country. Government of nations should create agricultural schemes that would make the youth to participate and contribute their own innovations that would help to increase and develop the agricultural economy to be able to meet the demands of the public. Government agencies and other financial bodies should always grant easy and accessible loans to the youths for them to invest more in agriculture and also encourage mechanized farming.
Agriculture should be taught in schools as part of the main curriculum. This way every child has understanding and knowledge of this area. Agriculture is the most underrated industry but the most important as we need food to survive.